Critiques about Popular Culture

 and DiversityHello everyone, today I would like to follow up on what I did this week before I dive into some of the other stuff I promised I would do last week.
Let’s start out with what I have been doing in the GLBTQIA and H+ communities. I dove deeper into how the brain works into greater detail. Through recent research I learned that the left brain is known as either the masculine or scientific brain while the right brain is known as the feminine or artistic brain. I did some research that some of the sexist assumptions do have scientific evidence to back them up. One says that males have a lot more blood flow on the left side of the brain than on the right, and that they only have language input and integration on the left as well. They experience pain on the right side of the amygdala which controls external functions. When they encounter stress, their fight-or-flight responses are active. Males are more likely to contract any form of language and motor disabilities. This is why many find it dissonant to be more feminine. But of course, if you were a bridge brainer it would not matter.
Females have a larger corpus callosum, have blood flow primarily on the right side of the brain and has access to both left and right sides for language integration and fine motor skills. They experience pain on the left side of the amygdala, which controls internal functions. Females are more likely to experience problems related to emotions and moods. Stress is controlled by the rest-and-repair part of the central nervous system. This is another possibility why females find it easy for them to be like males. Source: http://nurturingparenting.com/images/cmsfiles/maleandfemalebrainfunctioning2-23-2012-r3.pptx http://www.webmd.com/balance/features/how-male-female-brains-differ?page=3
Now, what is nature and what is nurture? Are morals and ethics given to us at birth or through learning? To be able to express the morals and ethics you need nurture to learn the language, but to actually carry out the decision that will not require language and therefore would be considered nature. So, back to the way boys and girls grow up, female babies are able to learn how to talk much earlier than male babies. Girls are better at language and fine motor skills than boys until puberty. Boys are bettr at mathematics and geometry than girls. Women are better multitaskers and observers than men. Men are better at spacial mapping than women. Using these characteristics, I would like to propose a new finding for people who might be transgender. If a male-to-female baby learned to talk at a much earlier age than his other sibling, and was better at everything than his fellow students, and he was an excellent multitasker and observer, then he would most likely be transgendered. The question then becomes, how will they be aware of the fact. You see, because of my disabilities, it took me so long to find out that I was a very special person. Imagine the parrotfish for a minute. Think about the females turning into supermales. What if the male-to-female human became a superfemale? A lot of the studies I noticed about the causes of this was primarily due to genetics and mistreatment of the foetus. But I want to look into other factors, such as the ones I already described. And of course, for the female-to-male person, they have the characteristics of a male’s brain but is inside a female body. Male-to-female people find it a lot harder to come out than female-to-male people. When they are exposed to the outside world, the orientation that they would most likely be attracted to is dependent on how their brains are wired. For example, a stereotype says that gay men are feminine. This means that they like other men from a woman’s point of view, but not from a man’s. Same thing with lesbians. Another interesting thing that can also be observed is instead of a man being attracted to a woman, he envies her body image because he wants to break out of his own body and experience the other body. I also dove more into the lavender linguistics that GLBTQIA people used, like the vocal fry, the gay lisp, the valley dialect, and the way they did these things in certain situations.
I was intrigued by a hypothesis of the Mozart effect, and this kind of ties into the reading people do. Truth is, the more you are a bookworm, the more knowledgeable you are to be, and the more you listen to Western art music, the smarter you are going to be. So if you combine the two, your brain will slowly rewire. This might be one of those induced patterns that is apart from the innate identity and is considered another possibility. Also, in modern times, more and more single mothers are raising their children, male children especially, therefore feminising them. This suggest that in future generations everyone will be feminised. I am not sure what masculinists are saying about this shift. Masculism has ruled too long in the animal kingdom that femism should be given a chance. It is also observed that people respond better to female appearance and vocal ability, something that humans want to see in robots later in the future. This is why a lot of gagets have female voices. Babies have shown that they can start developing recognition to their mother’s voices long before they are born. They will and only will respond to that voice than any other voice.
People assume that watching television, reading commics and playign video games etc, rots the brain. The thing is, it is not the act of doing those things, but it is WHAT you DO that does it. For instance, if you watched very educational programmes and played very educational video games, then your brain would learn and wire to a more average extent. However, science has shown that playing violent video games boosts fight-or-flight responses in the central nervous system. So, there can be a little bit of violence, but it should not be carried to the extent that it will wire the brain to make a person so selfish and greedy. Gaming allows one to strategise and build maps in their minds to improve spacial abilities and improve photographic and or eidetic memory.
Now, let’s move on to how we can patch up these differences. If you read the above sources you may have surmised that we are gradually forcing our children’s brains to rewire so that both become harmonised than what was found in evolutionary history. This is one of the reasons postgenderism is occurring. I recently came across some possible theories for the future, one of which got my interest. The ability to regrow a human body and perform a brain transplant or organ harvesting to keep the mind and soul alive is known as replacement cloning. This is almost like immortality, to be able to live forever. This would cure tons of disabilities out there if it proved to work out in practice. This would be added to the possibility of stem cell therapy, which might replace plastic surgery. And of course, mind-veering will be very important. Only LGBTQIA scientists would think about cloning themselves to get the right bodies so they could dwell in them. So, why is it a big deal to be able to change who you are. People change political views, changed career goals, religion, etc. Why is gender switching such a big deal? After all, if some species can do it, why can’t humans?
I also got involved with a new voice machine called the Tokyo artificial larynx. It is a brass instrument that you blow into, and the rubber vocal folds vibrate to produce a tone. Currently a stoma is required to blow into it and talk at the same time. I am ooking to see if a billow and or a pump could be made for it so that other people can use it too. I looked into the relationship between hearing and speaking, and how words have become more and more pejorative in our Western world because of increase in diversity. When you use the words mute or dumb, people assume you are not willing to speak. Truth is, language depends on the ears to hear and the voice to produce. Input, integration, and output. So what I wanted to figure out was, how can we experience different forms of speech impediments, especially the ones relating to integration? What is it like to be able to babble but not speak intelligently? What is it like for someone to know what they want to say but not be able to say it? Those who have had strokes has had their brains erased and formatted, therefore they need to have their brains rewired. Also, people with tracheostomies cannot speak because the air is flowing on the bottom of the voice box, not the top. People without vocal folds CANNOT whisper. Someone has suggested that a person is voiceless, not speechless. You can learn a lot more about this, and you will even get to see if helium has an effect on the artificial voice. You can check out this person’s YouTube channel at http://www.youtube.com/user/QuietBob97 And with that, let’s begin with some of the things I have explored that has made me the person I am now.
A question I have for the blind community at large: Many of the sighted people wonder if blind  people can see in their dream. The answer depends on how much development is active in their  visual cortex. If on the other hand there is no development, then that person would not be able  to dream vision because it would not be able to associate what vision is when they wake up.
If a  person with early visual deprivation, that is to say, vision for an extremely short amount of  time had developed vision during their subconscious stage when we think of everything as  dreams, and disembodied memories from when we were two, then you suddenly lose your vision when  you are three, then your brain would have had some development but not a lot. Due to this,  people have excellent spacial awareness through tactile, auditory, and vestibular stimulation,  plus they have superior memories. So it makes it easier for a person to rewire their brains to  become a synaesthete, and also  the genetic influence of the brain’s processing speed and  neuroplasticity rates would have to be considered as a possible factor. So is it possible to  extract these hidden images from the subconscious and bring them into the conscious by use of  brain wave entrainment sessions like hypnotism? People are already trying to unlock the secret  of people’s minds by listening to their reversed speech (David John Oates), so if we can do  that then we can find out more. Note that to be able to hear colour, one must have a way- above-average musical aptitude and perfect pitch perception. A question is, is pitch perception  universal? We know that tastebud mapping is not universal. So how do we know that what light  looks like to one person might look different to another? Same with sound.
When it comes to choosing to use a cochlear implant, it will remain with you for life. If one  wore the implant and a few years later a medical breakthrough found ways to regenerate cochlear  hair cells, the rig would have to be destroyed plus there would be the risk of accidental nerve  damage, which might cause one to lose taste, balance and other vital senses and motor abilities  for a short while.
 It is easy for a person to be implanted at an extremely early age than it is  for an adult. This is because the implant produces distorted sounds that have little colour and  are mainly in grey scale noise variety. What I would like to propose is a new rehabilitation  system that would allow users to wear a simulated implant and would use it in real-life  situations and would understand about how its uses function. If they are happy with the switch  it would make the process easier.
I am a humanist and believe it is up to the person to decide based on their morale and not  their superstition. There are so many things one can appreciate without having to go through  invasive surgery to be able to see, if that is their wish. Some people think blindness as being  a good thing because they use their other senses to really grasp onto concepts sighted people  cannot grasp. Some think that having a condition such as blindness is a bad thing because no  matter how much we try to make the world accessible, there are always going to be problems.  Some feel ambivalent, meaning they are neutral. This is because we are taught how to see as our  primary sense, therefore we have not rewired our brains to combine the three most vital senses,  sight, sound, and touch into one whole.
We should raise awareness about the need to think twice about what we have  done throughout humanity, and realise there could be more. While I do not believe in using  cybernetic compounds and using advanced technology and prefer to older things, I have faith in  the medical science system that it can be done, such as regenerative medicine and gene therapy.  This is because I am pursuing a career that a lot of blind people usually do not pursue; they  usually work on information and computer technology, engineering in audio-related fields and  things like that.
So, this is open to anyone who wants to make their voice heard about the need  for improvement in the human race.
Here is a review and commentary on the
isms that surround the following. I was recently  reading Lois Lowry’s Giver Quartet and I have read all the books by Lurlene McDaniel, and they  have given me lots of information on futuristic societies that have chosen to inseminate  species using artificial means, thereby inbreeding the species in an effort to control the  genes involved. Everyone is colour-blind because of sameness, which means gender neutrality,  and the use of colours are eliminated from their  vocabulary. They also prevent people from  making wrong choices, or the idea that one would make such a choice might never cross someone’s  mind. People are assigned jobs based on the personality traits that they developed during their  childhood. At a certain age, people have to take a special pill, which will neutralise emotions  of sexual yearnings, extreme mood swings, and a few other emotions. These societies try to  control global warming, over-population, vegetarianism, hunger and starvation, warfare, climate  control, naming demographic groups, modifying evolutionary biology, exploring the endless  possibilities of paranormal and supernatural phenomena, science, technology, engineering,  mathematics (STEM), brain wave interaction, manipulation synchronisation, the practice of  passing down memories from generation to generation, and these manuscripts have nothing  involving politics and governmental issues. They do not focus on building new societies on  other planets, something NASA is considering. There is hardly any form of music involved, no  mention of art and things like that. In literature these are known as either utopian or  dystopian societies. Although they might have a different system, they all try to focus on the  same thing that was listed above, to keep the earth clean and to prevent human disaster. And  they also referred to pets as mammals because they do not have them in these communities, and  they also have dialects, accents and cadences. This is because there may be outlying  communities that are more primitive and are not quite civilised. It is said that these societies also alter child development and everyone is  productive and no one is under or overweight. When they are done the community kills them,  which is replaced with sensitive terms. From “The Giver”
 [“If you are currently experiencing high arousal and or desire for nurturing, you may want to  consider starting treatment.”]
 The pill used in this H+ society actually has a potential to temporarily stop the release of  male and female hormones which in turn leads to the suppression of testosterone, oestrogen,  Oxytocin, among others that will neutralize one’s emotions. This is one of the things that is  highly probable later in the future. I am somewhat opposed to the idea. But I am glad that the  pill would only temporarily do the work, and not permanently.
Sometimes, I keep hold onto essays I have written throughout my education. You never know when they may become useful outside of the classroom. Below are a few that I would like to share.
Maintaining Immature Behaviour
What is the first thought that comes into a person’s mind when they think about or are  confronted with rudeness or lack of etiquette? Maybe they feel they ought to teach that person  a lesson. They may feel sorry for that person because they were not taught to use manners  appropriately. Here are some examples which contribute to rudeness and why it exists,  especially in our present-day society.
To begin with, rudeness is a perception, a morale taught by elders. This is what is believed to  be right or wrong, and this may change from culture to culture in different countries. Rudeness  is what we as humans understand based on the laws of nature. It calls for many kinds of  gestures, sayings, body language which anyone can do, but it will take the perception and  interpretation of another human to know what that gesture means.
The way children grow up learning from others is a concept parents know as being observant, but  they may not know what they are learning. This includes picking up creative ideas or developing  nasty habits. Yet children fail to comprehend what is right or wrong. For instance, if they see  someone being rude to someone else they naturally assume it is all right to do that. This may  lead to trouble down the road as will be emphasised below.
Due to the increase of instability and the falling of humanity over the turn of the twenty- first century, many people, mainly teenagers act in an immature manner to show that they do not  care in one way or another what life means to them. Their main interest is in themselves, which  is the primary belief in human nature. All the things most Americans do in society, the music  they listen to, the technology they use, and their social engagements they partake of, all have  a form of impact in what they do or say.
A good example of sheer rudeness one can take into account is the fact that a person not be too  particular about a fellow’s writing style on the internet, yet some people act impulsively as  it may be a habit for some to correct others on an informal setting. It is suggested that a  person should always tell the other person that it is a good way to exercise their writing  skills for when the time comes, such as filling out a job application or writing a resume.  Instead of having to start an argument over deciding whether correcting other’s spelling is  rude or not, it should be discussed to determine if there was any reason for having that take  place.
When a person is confronted with such a situation, it should be up to that person who initially  started this argument to make that decision. Is it rude to correct other’s spelling? It depends  on the circumstances that surround this situation, for this is one example which is hard to  solve because there are two sides to the problem. However, this is no excuse for everyone to  behave so childlike and jump to conclusions. It should be talked out in a tranquil manner.
Another example which follows in the same lines is how a person addresses others with words and  emotions. When a question is asked in the politest manner and the person being asked, turns it  down with a rude insult, it is more than one can handle. Are they aware that they have insulted  the person and acted so uncivilised? That answer is hard to say because some people are rude by  nature, as explained above.
While maintaining proper manners may be difficult, I always try to keep things calm, though  sometimes I may do something I might regret later. I feel this is mainly due to the fact that I  am treated as someone who is too smart for them to bear, someone they would rather not be with.  Our society may never be perfect, but there is nothing wrong in pursuing it, and that is what I  try to do in my life, but it is not easy. Rudeness is an ever-lasting trend with any doubt that  it will stop. When a person thinks of rudeness, they should think about why is it that it  exists. They should not focus on the fact that it exists, but think about WHY it is present.
For all ninth graders facing their last four years of required education: You are lucky to have  such a wide variety of choices that may make your high school experience run more smoothly and  with ease. You might be the typical average student, or you could have something unique about  you. Whatever it is, I want you to know that there is one thing I believe you should get out of  your high school experience.
Maybe you enjoy modern society, and the latest music hits, as well as the newest fashions and  literature. If you think twice about it, you will realize schools want to teach you the history  of how things came to be. In music, you are apt to hear bands playing music from the classical  romantic or jazz era. In English, you may look at literary classic, since they contain a higher  complexity than the newer novels. My point is that you should appreciate history. It may seem  boring, but if you are interested as how we came to be, how we moved from era to era, how we  formed our American society and the conflicts that were involved, and how we solved them, then  history is for you.
In my opinion, real music is music with high complexity, and so as the English language, when  spoken or written formally, for this is how people wrote and spoke in the early days. I have a  reason to suspect that maybe some of the new things may seem overwhelming, and I try to keep it  simple.
Here is an English lesson for you. You may be used to texting a lot on your mobile telephone  that you start using it as a habit in a number of applications. If you want to type  assignments, then you should learn how to spell, regardless of whether or not you are writing  an essay.
Now, let us look at some social involvements in high school. If you are popular, you will most  likely be in all the school-sponsored activities. If you are a loner, try to get involved in  some activities. Maybe you might not be popular in your first year of high school, but you will  in a few years. Making friends in high school is not at all like making friends in elementary  school. For one thing, you will share a good many thoughts with each other. Friends tend to  share things they have in common, and this is what makes bonds stronger.
Also, you should know what your THING is. What I mean is some students realize this is what  they want to pursue later in life, whether that would be art, theatre, music, photography, or  the like. You might be a sports person, involved in football, British football (soccer),  volleyball, and more.
When you go to a football game, it is more than just playing the game to see who wins. It is  how you work together as one student body to help the players perform well on the field. You  should realize how stupendous it is, that high school can pass by quickly. If you have a well- organised schedule, you know what your strategies are to getting your work done, you can move  fairly quickly. What makes time seem to run slowly is due to stress. You may face stress when  you are given a boatload of work.
There is so much we can do to accomplish on this earth, but it is up to us as a human race to  do it. Are you interested in science soma, or psyche  psychology? Maybe that is why you want to  know more than just the concepts. The important thing is that you should know yourself and know  who you are and what you need. If you do not know much about yourself, how can you tell others  about your interests, needs, wants, weaknesses, etc?
Please give my advice a good amount of consideration, and if you follow it, you might change  your mind about how you feel towards high school. I know it can be scary at first, but it will  all come out nicely in the end, as it had for me.
Long before music developed in the western part of the world, before churches, cathedrals,  palaces and universities were built, people had no way of establishing music save for the  wooden instruments and the metal materials they used such as strings. These instruments could  be played by wind, by striking them, or by plucking and bowing them. Many of those types remain  in existence today, especially in more uncivilised parts of the world. People also used throat  singing and overtone singing with their vocals later in this period before the middle ages.  Mythology was a very important factor in music creation and this was the reason why it was  important.
In the medieval period, a lot of composers wrote music for the kings, the churches like the  Roman Catholic. Their society was built based on how fairytales are built today as we know  them. Peasants, knights, kings and queens, princes and princesses, etc. People wrote music in  monophonic texture which was meant for worship in the church. Note: People did start to work  with two-note harmony later in the period, and one of the rules for the church was not to use  dissonant or tritonal intervals, nor could one write scales improperly. A cadence was also  formed for the church, which is a very simple chord progression from four to one.
In the renaissance era, two instruments were introduced, the Haut and Bas. At that time a  person could only play in one key at a time. Their writing standard was different. People  started experimenting with humour and secular music, not just sacred music. There were  different genres for each era. People started to experiment more with homophonic textures  especially with vocal music, but it was still not enriched. Certain roles, such as women were  not allowed to compose or practice music until later in each period. Also in the renaissance  period, it resembled the age of reason, but in the rebirth, people began to focus on humanism  and society, not on superstition and religion. Their visual art also reflected these changes.  Making music at home became more popular, and children began to learn to make music, and each  home now had a keyboard of some kind. Women started to perform music as well as pursue musical  careers.
In the baroque era, the string orchestra was introduced, along with the harpsichord and old- fashioned pipe organ. IN America, the reed organ or harmonium was introduced later, before the  invention of electricity. They all had little control over dynamics. In the baroque era, their  atexture was mainly holophonic rounds and it was very dramatic and seldom had melodic tunes. It  was ornate, and they represented the Catholic counterreformation. They felt they should express  the history of the past through operas, oratorios, and instrumental music. Pipe organs were  used as prelude, in-service and postlude music to step beyond vocal registers of the  congregation. They had some form, just like everything has a form, as well as with every  culture there is a belief.
Their visual art was similar to what we see in expressionistic music, but its style was more of  history rather than modern events. Bach was the transitional composer between this period and  the next. Vocal music became more solitary rather than combined, hence the operas and  oratorios. A new system of tuning that made it possible to play in any of the twelve notes was  formed, calling it the equal temperament.
In the classical period, Haydn and Mozart were two of the most popular composers. In the  classical era, the pianoforte was introduced, a simple but flexible instrument. Due to this,  the orchestra began to grow because of the increase in dynamics. They experimented with  emotions and mood contrasts. They started using homophonic textures more often. The most  popular was the symphony. And from then on people broadened to solo instruments or small  ensembles. They would take tuneful melodies from old folk songs and turn them into actual  pieces. There were four movements in a symphony, and each movement had its own musical form and  structure. The main influence of the classical period was on the upper class, but Beethoven  began to rebel against this and started working for everybody. In a minuet, a person had to  know the right steps or else they would be considered a middle or lower classman. Everything  had a social class back then. There were no life styles like we have now. Haydn was known for  writing music for his master, which we would now know as an employer. Mozart wrote creatively,  and this is where Beethoven picked up his ideas from. Their style was very clean and  predictable and well-organised, and so were their visual art.
When Beethoven began to rebel against the rules of the classical period was when the romantic  era was formed. He wrote several pieces that contained chords, which people considered  dissonant in one time period that is now considered consonant in another or vice versa. He was  very clever with his musical ideas, and one of his huge motifs is the three-note piece.
During these developments in Europe, The Americas used some of these principles to apply in  their military marches, especially towards the middle of the nineteenth century. They  experimented with bugle calls and drum patterns as more instruments were being developed. Many  of these tunes would end up being used today, for as the saying states, everything derives from  something else.
In the romantic period, we began to see people writing music based on real experiences, to  express the unknown and the mysterious. And this was the age of reason because people were not  just thinking about religion, but about science and fiction, about strange places, and foreign  lands based on impressionism and expressionism that took place later towards the late 1800’s.  It was not just for the aristocrats or church members, but it was becoming a lot more popular.  People began to write nationalistic music from all over Europe, and even the Eastern part of  the world had some influence. The wars we fought in, the civil wars we partook of, the  industrial revolution, the inventing of the telegraph and the telephone had a big influence in  music experimentation. Another piano was introduced, thus giving it a more variety of ranges in  dynamics and registers. The orchestra grew once more, and composers continued to experiment  with tone colours and harmonies to simulate the sounds of scenes, nature, characters and such,  along with the emotions and moods. The programmatic music was introduced. Today, we listen to  programmatic music; most people just do not know about it. An example would be when someone  watches Starwars or something along the same line. The music portrays scenes of characters and  their intellectual role in the movie, the same way we would expect in musical theatre, which  will be discussed later. Suffice it to say that the symphonic and theatre organs were  introduced to accompany silent movies and to replace orchestras in the early part of the  twentieth century. The tone poem is a one-movement piece that has all of the emotions in one  place. The ballet was introduced, and composers wrote music for the dances. So this is not just  about nationalism and political influences, but about the identity of the piece. If someone  recognizes a piece from Chopin, no matter what it is he wrote, they would know it is him  because of his unique signature. Their visual art was also influenced, and people used some of  these characteristics that would later be used in the impressionistic and expressionistic  serial movement.
Finally, all of this led up to the 1900’s and 1945. In here, the musicians took all that had  happened and started to simplify the form of music into one-movement symphonies. Marches became  more known. More instruments were made. Although composers collaborated with poets and writers,  this still continued into the twentieth century. We had a lot more operas and choral pieces,  and the orchestra grew once more, up to a hundred musicians now. In this time period they still  clung onto the romantic era because the fact that so many possibilities and ways to express  real-life experiences through music and evoke scenes and moods was fascinating. Alexander  Scriabin was the first composer to use synaesthetic principles to describe how he saw colours  with sounds. Note that there were reports from Beethoven and Mozart that they liked certain  keys due to their emotions related to that key. The colour organ was introduced. Need I mention  that besides impressionism, expressionism, nationalism, symbolism, serialism, and a few other  artistic movements? It was a time to reflect those movements. The neoclassical and neobaroque  styles were used Synonymously and were there to repell the two styles and that the people liked  the clean feel of predictable style, rather than the dream-like feel or unconventional way of  music experimentation we get in the music from the romantic and impressionistic period.
Prior to the style of Jazz music in America, a homophonic parallel style of music called  barbershop quartet was introduced and gained popularity. This style of music involves four  singers, usually four males or four females, to sing lead, tenor, bass, and baritone. This can  be classified as TTBB, the same way choral pieces are sung in SATB. If sung properly, the  singers can make really beautiful chord progressions that enriches the tone quality immensely.  This is almost the same way that ballads are built in England that we recognise today. For this  reason, barbershop singing was often used in romance songs. Today we now have the Barbershop  Harmony society to maintain to this wonderful style of art. It is common to hear them singing  on a Valentine day in America and a few other parts of the world.
This century was known as the golden age. As we progress, huge changes that occurred way  outside of music gave people new ways to experiment. Music language started to change, along  with the composition system and how we write music. Everything became atonal and unconventional  as opposed to being tonal and central. More music vocabulary was introduced and expanded.  People began to experiment with these musical elements to get unconventional effects out of  wood-wind, brass-wind, reed-wind, string, keyboard and percussion instruments, and they went as  far as using everyday objects and turn them into music. They went as far as making melodies  based on patriotic tunes and random notes,  to make variations that would be layered in  different keys simultaneously, along with building new chords and chord progressions never  thought of before. The common chord progression we now have today is the five to one, which  began as early as the late classical period.
In the 1920’s after the success of the twelve-tone system and the palindrome arch-style  composition, major influences of music of the Americas played a role in the development of  Jazz. It consisted of multi-cultural influences, the Christian church, the blues scale, and the  swinging type of rhythm that derived from ragtime, and that is how Jazz was formed. The texture  became more homophonic and became catchier rather than dramatic and moody. Jazz required only  three main elements of music. Improvisation, syncopation, and blues. People had no name for  this type of music, but the word Jass was slang for high spirits and was first used throughout  the turn of the century. When big band music became popular in the 1920’s, teenagers were the  first to notice the bands and would often dance to these popular tunes. It was the kind of  music parents would not want their kids to be exposed to. More will be discussed later.
Musical theatre was introduced later in this time period. People began to write music for  musicals, or adapt them from books, and depending on the scene, they chose what kind of music  they should write. The saxophones were introduced some time later, and this became popular in  Jazz music, since it was all about manipulating the timbre of the instruments. This was part of  the roaring twenties. Bands would compete against one another, and this is how we ended up with  the battle of the bands. George Gershwin was one of the most widely recognised American  composers of the twentieth century, among others.
In the early thirties, the great depression led to changes in music, and Jazz was a big hit  that decade. It was known as pop music back then. Frank Sinatra was one of the popular stars in  America’s classical swing period, and big bands were up to the peak. Later this declined due to  an introduction of bebop, cool jazz and hardbop. Each variation was introduced to reflect the  true meaning of the art and to provide different meanings of each genre.
In the 1940’s people began to work with old folk songs and rewrite them into Jazz music of many  variations, which somewhat reflects early versions of country music. Technology was starting to  rise slowly, but would not take a giant leap until the success with the atomic bombs in the  United States. The labelling of recordings was being worked on, and now we have the album, the  labels, the singles and the tracks. In a way with European music this was far different than  the organisation of composer’s works of music. People who wrote the entire musical piece were  being referred to as artists rather than composers or lyricists.
After the second world war and the cold war, known as the 1945 and up to the present,  technology started to rise before our very years. Now that we had the radio invented and a lot  of autos were travelling freeways and planes were flying over, music could be carried anywhere  around the world. The television would not be ready until after the 1950’s. Someone decided to  turn the guitar into an electric instrument and then they found out they could make a whole lot  of noise. The wax cylinders were replaced with vinyl records and analogue tapes. Composers  started to sample tapes by splicing them and storing them away. They had real-life sounds, such  as car horns, birds chirping, etc. Rock-N-Roll was introduced in the 1950’s after this major  breakthrough. Another practice artists started to use was something called back-masking,  backward masking, phonetic and speech reversal phenomena to hide messages and such into their  music for various reasons. Someone found two analogue generators, one for tones and another for  noise. They were able to experiment with making electronic soundscapes and vowel changes to  make it sound as if voices were talking.
The stereotyping of musical instruments and other things began to take place, just like any  other movement affected by how people were classified into groups of the social mainstream.  Later in this century people started to reflect and go beyond these assumptions that led up to  further movements. That was what was important about social classes back then that we now have  today. We would see later throughout with this style of unconventional music that it would  become popular to youth culture because they like to experiment and find out what happens.  Unfortunately, people who do not grow out of it tend to grow nasty habits that may lead them  into trouble, such as taking drugs and committing crime. Many musicians took different drugs to  experiment with vocal tone colour, which we know is not good, but that is what we get anyhow.
From then on, the experimenting with manipulating electronic analogue sounds to get different  tone colours continued, one good example is the Hammond organ, which could be used to play in  certain styles of popular music. These became more appealing, especially with the rebuilding of  the rhythm section. More electronic instruments were made, and when computers became more known  along with synthesisers, the frequency-modulated digital synthesizer was the first. We now had  stereo channel, and everything was binary, octal and hexadecimal. We now have digital audio  generation. New genres were made based on these influences abroad, and up until today, a lot of  that remains. Technology makes it very easy to make music without having any prior experience  in music training. This is one reason musical form lacks a great deal. Also music can change  over night all around the world just by one single click of that mouse.
A link I found in correspondence to performing and visual art was the form of literary art.  Based on experimental trials, I discovered that people who have a passion for artistic and  older music tend to be more proper than those who are into popular music. It is suspected this  has to do with the complexity of both performing, visual and literary art, as opposed to  simplistic art.
Scientists are looking into the development of music and how it affects the brain and how  rhythms evolved. Many believe it is from primitive senses. The new age music was introduced,  and people are working on understanding how certain sounds, timbres and keys have an emotion,  such as what Christian Schubart described in 1806.
Additional notes: With each time period, the duration got shorter and shorter. Normally each  era lasted for a hundred years. Now it is over night.
Although a lot of elements of music were used in each period, not much has changed in vocal  music until later in the music history. Musical form changed as well.
Now that we know how music really works, music is organised sound in time with ten or more main  elements of music we use, no matter what style or where we are in the time frame or if we are  in the west or east of the world. Sacred music refers to music for the church, and a lot of  arrangers exist today to experiment with timbre and harmonization. Secular music refers to  music about the world, adventure, love, romance, etc. Artistic music refers to music that has  been well-made and properly structured. Popular music is music made without organization and  has a wide appeal to the audience because of the way they react to it, and normally remains so  for a few years before something new comes along.
In conclusion, sacred versus secular, and art versus popular music are the two contrasts people  should know. So when they hear someone use the word classical, they think about music made in  general terms that require artistic creativity, and not so much about the era. Therefore, I  like to use the word artistic secular, or artistic sacred.
Modern Christian music consists of worship bands playing popular sacred music because it uses  electronic instruments and form instead of acoustic instruments and form.
That is why we have people like John Williams, Jackie Evancho, and a few others who like to  turn popular music into artistic or cross-over music to broaden the audience. So when I tell  someone I do not like the music they listen to, I would not mind listening to it if it has been  fitted and stylized for my particular taste. For this reason I am easily isolated from the  social medium.
Thank you for taking the time to read through this and don’t forget to listen to the extra media about mechanical speech. Remember that everything stated in this entry has exceptions, can be contradicted and I may forget something. Also, I give my advice and opinions based on personal experience. I am not an omniscient expert–though I’d like to be.
Next Sunday I will go over some of my favourite memories of me flying on a plane. I may also discuss synaesthesia and cellular memory in greater detail, as well as some of my sensory experiences and my observations. My hope is that we will soon unlock all of nature’s secrets.

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