How to Play the Flute Without Visual Images

How to Play the Standard C Flute For Beginners

An accessible chart for fingerings on the flute.

Produced by: Green Gables Fan, and other people who took part in this project.
Click here to skip all the contents and begin reading!

  1. An overview of the flute.
  2. How to assemble the flute.
    1. The head joint.
    2. The body.
    3. The foot joint.
  3. Things you need to know before reading the chart.
    1. Musical symbols.
    2. Symbols used to describe different keys.
  4. The fingering chart.
    1. Common Notes with no Sharps and Flats.
    2. Common Notes with Sharps and Flats.
    3. Uncommon Notes with no Sharps and Flats.
    4. Uncommon Notes with Sharps and Flats.
  5. Disassembly of the flute.
  6. Credits.
  7. ***Producer Note***


Perhaps you are blind or visually impaired, and have found it hard to memorize the key combinations on the flute just by having someone tell you. Why not have written down into an accessible fingering chart that can be easily understood by the blind? This documentation will take you through some ways you can make your flute playing more successful. Now who says that vision is required to play this instrument? No one. No one says you have to have vision to play the flute. It is just the matter of how charts are accessible. For this documentation, we will be discussing the C Standard Flute, which can be divided into three parts and packed into a one-foot case. If you are unsure about what symbols mean, refer to the reference section of this manual.
People have been trying to make charts accessible; some books claim to have charts that have numbers, which can be easily understood. This is not the case. We are going to use a different format which is simple and is meant for the blind.


For the first time, you may not know how to set your flute together. Follow these steps so you get to learn how to set it up. When you look at the parts, you will see a lot of different things. The springs on the body is called the Bohm mechanism. This allows keys to either move independently, or to move together. You need to be careful not destroying the mechanism and or the keys.

The head

The first thing you want to work with is the head joint. The head joint, or the head, is the left part of the flute. It has the blow hole inside. For practice, why not play a tone by blowing across the hole, like when you blow across a bottle to make a sound. If you are successful in playing the note, you may be able to play the flute once assembled. Take the head and follow the next step.

The Body

When you have gotten the head, you will be unsure as how you will put the two parts together. There is a way to tell which part of the body you want to insert the head. On one side of the flute you will feel two ring-like circles. This is where you want to put the head into. Slowly put it in, be careful not to grab the keys of the flute, and slowly turn it till the hole is aligned with the keys. You may want to angle it more towards the springs, just so you can get used to the feeling and be able to play easier.

The Foot

The foot is the last part of the flute you need to put together. This part is easy to figure out where to go since the head and one side of the body is taken. So, that leaves you with the opening on the right. To make sure you put the foot in the right way, make sure the pinky keys are facing left towards the head of the flute. Now insert the foot piece and you should have a fully assembled flute.

Before You Read

Here are things you need to know before you continue to the chart below. The symbols used will be represented in table form. This section will explain these symbols and what they are used for. Some symbols relate to music, some others are related to the new combination system.

The symbols used in music will be described below.

Name of symbol Description
C#-Db C-Sharp or D-Flat
D#-Eb D-Sharp or E-Flat</td
F#-Gb F-Sharp or G-Flat</td
G#-Ab G-Sharp or A-flat
A#-Bb A-Sharp or B-flat

The symbols are related to the new combination system and will be shown below.

Name of Symbol description
* If a note can be changed just by changing the way you blow, and keep the same fingering, there will be a * (star) sign in front of the note. Example: *G. There will be octave numbers so you can tell which octave you can go up. Refer to the harmonics table for more instructions.
TBb Thumb with Bb key. The thumb key has a little key underneath it. It looks like an upside down l.
Pinky1 the very first pinky on the left of the foot joint.
Pinky2 the second pinky key to the right of the first pinky key on the foot joint.
Roller the roller is slightly above the second pinky key on the foot joint.
Nob1 the first button-like key on the left nearest the head joint. Note: You will hardly use this key. It is used for fast trilling’ between C and D.
Nob2 the second button-like key to the right of the first key. Note: You will hardly use this key. It is used for fast trilling between C and Eb.
Left Pinky

the left pinky key is located below one of the combination keys on the body. This key has a bar-like shape. When pressed, a pad will open behind the flute.

The Chart

The chart will be given in table form, the notes on the left, and the combinations on the right for both fingering methods explained below. They will be in a table you can navigate with your screen reading software. Most screen reading programs allow you to navigate one column to the left, one row down, one column to the right, or one row up. You can also move by cell. Let us say you want to know what the combination for D is. you would get to the table, then you will go down to the third row, because the first row is the header, the part that tells you what is in each column. Move to the first column. To look up the combination for that note, you will either move right one or two cells to the right. Here are some commands used to navigate by table.

alt+ctrl+left: moves one cell one column to the left.

Alt+ctrl+right: move one cell right one column.

Alt+ctrl+up: moves one cell up one row.

Alt+ctrl+down: moves one cell down one row.

Note: this will work within a table only.

All numbers will start from left to right. If there are any keys that involve thumb and pinkies, those will be the first before the actual combination. The first two keys, which move together when you press on either one of them, will count as two different keys. The first one is not a key. All the others will be separate.

Here is a general position to hold your flute. Place your left hand index finger on the second key. Skip one key, and place your middle finger on the fourth key. You now place your ring finger on the fifth key. You should now have 1, 2, and 3. You fingers should be facing towards you. For the right hand, you skip the two keys, and put your index finger on the eighth key. Put your middle finger on the ninth key, then add your ring finger on the tenth key. You should have 4, 5, and 6. Your fingers face away from you this time. Here is how this would look to someone using the normal fingering.
2, 4, 5, and 8, 9, 10. To make sure you know you are putting your fingers on the right places, you need to know where you are going to place your left index finger, since there are two keys that move together. You put your finger on the second key, which will be 2 on the standard chart.

Common Notes with no Sharps and Flats.

Name of note Combination with standard fingering
*C5 Pinky1+2
*D5 TBb+4 5 8 9 10
*E5 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 8 9
*F5 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 8
*G5 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5
*A5 TBb+pinky1+2 4
*B5 Thumb+pinky1+2

Common Notes with sharps and flats.

Name of note Combination with standard fingering
*C#/Db5 Pinky1
*D#/Eb5 TBb+pinky1+4 5 8 9 10
*F#/Gb5 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 10
*G#/Ab5 TBb+Pinky1+Pinky2+2 4 5
*A#/Bb5 TBb+pinky1+2

Uncommon Notes with no sharps and flats. including high and low notes.

Name of Note Combination for low notes combination for high notes
C4 TBb+Pinky2+roller+2 4 5 8 9 10 TBb+pinky1+2
D4 TBb+2 4 5 8 9 10 TBb+4 5 8 9 10
E4 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 8 9 Same fingering for highest octave.
F4 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 8 Same for highest octave.
G6 N/A TBb+Pinky1+2 4 5
A6 N/A TBb+pinky1+2 4
B6 N/A Thumb+2

Uncommon Notes with sharps and flats only with high and low notes included.

Name of note Combination for low notes Combination for high notes
C#/Db4 TBb+Pinky2+2 4 5 8 9 10 Pinky1
D#/Eb4 TBb+pinky1+2 4 5 8 9 10 TBb+pinky1+4 5 8 9 10
F#/Gb4 N/A TBb+Pinky1+2 4 5 10
G#/Ab6 N/A TBb+pinky1+LeftPinky+2 4 5
A#/Bb6 N/A TBb+Pinky1+2

Flute Disassembly

To disassemble the flute, follow the steps as when you were assembling the flute, except this time you will be taking it apart. If you need to clean your flute, be sure to do each part individually. When done, put each part into its right compartment in the case if it has it. Some cases may have different compartments than others.


I would like to thank everyone who took part in this project and I hope it is successful with blind individuals. Your support will not only be help to me, but help to anyone who is struggling to learn the combinations all at once. This is a good way to sit down in front of a computer and make a simple table like combination fingering chart.
There may be some parts that you may not understand, but I have put a lot of effort to explain in great detail about how the flute works.
Thanks so much for your support!

***A note to blind and visually impaired users***

It is always a good idea to see a band instructor to make sure you are not missing anything important such as blowing differently
to make different notes. Playing the flute should not be hard if you have had experience with blowing bottles. It is the matter of you changing the way you purse your lips to change notes. To produce low notes, loosen your lips. For higher notes, tighten your lips more and overblown into the hole. Just experiment and find the best way to blow solid notes into it.


We would like to add another table which will describe what will happen if you encounter notes that are different when you have a fingering for a different note. This is what we call harmonics. Harmonics may sound a little sharper or flatter than regular tones just by a few microtones that they are hardly noticeable. There will be a table describing each note going chromatically just to give you an idea of what other notes you can expect when you have the fingering. We will use octaves to indicate where on the piano it would be at. Note: middle C is called C4 because it is the fourth octave. The top row will have the original notes and below that will be other rows that will contain its harmonics going up.

Original note C4 C#/DB4 D4 D#/Eb4 E4 F4 F#/Gb4 G4 G#/Ab4 A#/Bb4 B4 C5
First Harmonics C5 C#/Db5 D5 D#/Eb5 E5 F5 F#/Gb5 G5 G#/Ab5 A5 A#/Bb5 B5 C6
Second Harmonic G5 G#/Ab5 A5 A#/Bb5 B5 C6 C#/Db6>

D6 D#/Eb6 E6 F6 F#/Gb6 G6
Third Harmonic C6 C#/Db6 D6 D#/Eb6 E6 F6 F#/Gb6 G6 G#/Ab6 A6 A#/Bb6 B6 C7
Fourth Harmonic E6 F6 F#/Gb6 G6 G#/Ab6 A6 A#/Bb6 B6 C7 C#/Db7 D7 N/A N/A
Fifth Harmonic G6 G#/Ab6 A6 A#/Bb6 B6 C7 C#/Db7 D7 </A N/A N/A N/A N/A

As you see, there are many different possibilities when you are playing harmonics. You only use harmonics when you want to quickly change from one note from another without having to change fingerings. Do not get confused with normal notes. Depending on your head joint, and the size of the tone hole and instrument, some harmonics may be sharper or flatter than normal notes. We hope this gives you a good idea of how the flute works.
Good luck playing!


This manual is under the general public license, meaning that the user is free to distribute the manual to others.

The end-user of this manual should understand that this is intended for the sole use of the product mentioned, and is therefore not suitable for other products.w

Things to be Covered in 2014

Happy New Year to all who are following. This year, I hope to cover a little over what I went over last year, and discuss some aspects of how transhumanism can have an impact with our environment and cultures so we can figure out how to correct mistakes, like HIV and AIDS, diabetes, cancers, creating and taking down cell receptors responsible for addiction and more.
So, let’s begin. I have been thinking about how people of younger generations don’t get the meaning of respect, that instead of evolving we are (d)evolving because people are out for image to satisfy their own flesh, and not one another. Of course, John Locke pointed that out several hundred years ago, but it has become more wide-spread, just like strokes are becoming more common in teenagers, something that usually happened to old people, which I will cover later. Now, I have done plenty of scientific investigation as to why these things happens. It turns out that many people have rewired their genetic coding that produces neurosteroids and such that makes proper mental development. It is not only the fact that we are capable of rewriting our genes, but our environment and culture plays an influence, like how much repetition and nurture we have had, and even as babies, how much we have been breastfed. It also depends on how stable your families were, how much positivity you have received, and how personal you have taken negative criticism. All of these play a role on how your thought patterns turn out in the end. Some experience anxiety problems, depression, irritability, and more. I have been trying to look at ways to induce such problems and then get rid of them so we can widen our world view. I have heard that people with too much dopamine gives them illusions like hearing voices of people they talk to a lot among other things. I have never heard voices in my life, but I would be interested in knowing of a way to ingest something that will do it temporarily. Now, as exciting as all this might sound, I want to remind all of you that these scientific findings can help enrich our society so that we wouldn’t have ignorant people questioning those in the minority. Many just tell you the obvious, but hardly don’t get into depth.
Ever since I started paying attention to the news full-time in 2008, I found it quite stupid that we have prisons and we spend time sending criminals to be locked for a costly sum, and then killing them if they do not reform. Many people think it would be dystopian or immoral to send these criminals to science labs to have their brains altered, their body chemistry permanently altered using engineering techniques, and possibly a technique to induce total amnaesia-like characteristics. In a way, you are rewriting their personality. You are using science to turn a bad guy into a good citizen. However, something motivates a person from killing another person. I was wondering, could it be possible to restore a dead person to life if we could salvage their DNA? Their personalities may be the same as the old person, but they wouldn’t have the same memories. They may look the same to you, but something will remind you that it is not the exact person, because they would have to learn everything. They aren’t re-learning, since this is a clone of the person who was murdered. I have asked people from varying religions and many think it is due to choice which one has the ability to make. In dystopian societies, people are prevented from making their own choices so that they would turn out to do good in the community. I think we all have the freedom to make our own choices as long as we have the proper balance in our system, in our bodies, and in everything.
How does a person manage to be motivated to committing a crime when they take drugs that physically addicts them, or as we know, getting them high? Does it cause the brain to mix scenarios in their minds, and make the person attempt those scenarios to see what goes on? Many universities have been looking at the biological and physiological causes of physical addiction to see if we could come up with a cure. In cases where nicotine is inhaled or applied using a skin patch, scientists were trying to create new cell receptors to see if they could stimulate the reward system of the brain. Many people describe it as having a feeling as if something exciting was about to happen (this is how yellow and white light makes us feel). People also say that babies are addicted because of those cell receptors being mutated into their genes, but that only gives me one question. How will that baby know, when old enough that they are addicted if they have never taken that drug before? Will it feel like having this extra sense that you are hungry, but no matter how much you eat or get enough air, there is something that you can’t seem to get unless you stimulate those receptors or destroy them all at once?
Ever since I wrote up that short article on vocal analysis, I came up across something very interesting called the castrato voice. When I analysed the harmonics of these voices, they came out with very unique characteristics that make them sound neither male or female. They have their own way in terms of how they sound. They underwent a lot of training once they have been castrated before puberty, but they grew exceedingly tall, pale-skinned, and had no muscular build at all, and many lost bone density. They weren’t trans because they didn’t undergo hormone replacement therapy, they were just prevented from developing secondary sex characteristics. In the GLBTQIA community, within the arts encyclopedia, they were called the castrati, Italian for castrated in plural. Scientists have been looking at how to recreate the once dead voice into a live voice by using what we know about sound.
A few days ago, I came across some naturopathic ways of treating things like thyroid problems that are sometimes the cause of depression and anxiety, metabolism problems and such, and how we can treat them using amino acids rather than medication that do more harm than good. I have also been trying to see if there were naturopathic neurologists working on a cure to low and high-grade haemorrhages and seizures. That brings me to talking about the split-brain patient. When a person has no way of connecting the two halves of the brains together via the corpus callosum, they end up having unusual visual reactions, and many can draw shapes with each hand independently. Sometimes, people are startled to see that their hand, the one not intended to be used, to move and grab the object. Is there more of a humane way of cutting off the electricity between the regions and the two halves without using surgery? I thought that if we could attach these to sighted people, we could temporarily deprive them of vision and visual memory. Since the year 2009, it has been discovered that we have done a lot of misdiagnosing on people whom we thought were in a coma, but who actually turned out to be fully-conscious and completely paralysed and unable to respond to any kind of stimuli, yet their brain works very well and is still able to perceive and reason. What if a brain transplant could give them deparalysis?
How I plan to do deep-brained stimulation without cutting into the brain and implanting electrodes is going to be the hard part, but when I researched, I discovered I could look at several different inventions and see if I can apply physics to these. We know that the brain uses glucose for fuel. So what if we charged this radioactive fuel with a positive charge, and once the body has been polarised, then all we need to do is discharge it in the right part of the brain. We are fortunate that outer-brain stimulation can be achieved because the electricity goes through the scalp and skull. That’s why we have devices like the neuron-engineering and transcranial magnetic stimulation device, which I think some day will help blind people how to see. In a science-fiction story, it was suggested that if we used this energy, we could figure out if the mind can be altered and carried across the electricity between a body that has been negatively charged and vice versa. The problem is that the mind is not just stored into one part of the brain. The mind is distributed everywhere, which is why mind-uploading would be hard to do, even body-swapping without any form of transplantation. So, what gives parts of the brain responsible for identity?
Understanding Norrie Disease: I have written this next part to see if I could explore some of the rare diseases that make people blind that are among many other rare diseases, so this is just one of such that I plan to write about.
We all know Norrie Disease is a rare genetic defect, but what actually causes it, and how is it present? What treatment and cures are currently being worked on? You will get to know how this disease works once you have an understanding of how genes work.
What are genes? Genes are a set of instructions, composed of DNA and RNA sequences, sort of like the strip of a magnetic strip used by computers to obey certain tasks. Better yet, a gene is like a set of blueprints to build a house. It provides detailled instructions on what the body should produce, when to produce and develop, how to produce, etc. Scientists have begun to understand the aspects involved in eugenics, which is to isolate one good trait over bad ones. Traits are characteristics based on several kinds of genes. There are physical traits such as build, hair and eye colour, body fat storage, bone structures, melanim production, hormone and neurotransmitor production, and many, many more. There are also traits devoted to the brain, called mental (left hemisphere) and emotional )right hemisphere) traits. This includes things like how much hormones you are making, how many neurotransmitors you have present, among many more such as described in the physical traits. Note that these traits can be modified to some extent, but some require nerve stimulation or cell receptors which may be absent if the genes for these are not present. These things are what determines a person’s outlook in life, such as being smart, dumb, and the list goes on.
What happens in Norrie Disease? Typically, this gene attacks the majority of XY chromosomes but rarely XX chromosomes, which is why males are definitely going to have it than females. The gene’s origin begins with a mutation, such as a virus or infection, though the former has shown that these genes can be affected. When Norrie is present, it begins to start damaging cells of varying types in the eyes, and nerve cells in the ears, and in some cases, the brain is affected. Norrie also prevents development of eye functionality during prenatal development, which is why many patients are born without knowing what it is like to see.
How was Norrie discovered? An ophthalmologist from Denmark started studying seven different people from the same family, and each of these people were male, and were past descendants from the first generation. The disease was named after another famous ophthalmologist named Gordon Norrie, who was recognised for his great achievement in working with the blind during the mid to late nineteenth century and into the twentieth.
Causes and Effects of the Gene: Norrie is caused by several mutations found in genes called NDP, located in Xp11.4, and its ID number is 4693). Causes of mutation vary greatly. For future reference, all genes are binary, meaning the gene is dominant or recessive. This means you could carry the genetic coding, you could be mutated with this gene, or both. To illustrate this example, use a Punnett Square that can show you which are dominant and which are recessive. Capital letters indicate positive and lower-case letters indicate negative. In a Punnett Square, there are four letters, sometimes distributed equally, sometimes distributed based on chromosomes, and sometimes distributed by a mix of all of these. In order to understand this concept further, you must know what a phenotype, genotype, hybrid, purebred, pedigree, and family tree is. Better yet, take a genetics-101 course for a non-technical explanation on these terms and their etymologies. It helps if you understand the root and stem words of each term, for this is how they have been coined.
Please note: A mutation is when a given sequence or set of instructions is left unfinished. Take this string of letters, don’t worry about what they mean just yet. A turns into T, T into A, G into C, and C into G. In the second stage, A turns into U, T into A, and C G remain the same. U becomes A, and T becomes A. A very common mutation is TAG, which is usually found at the beginning of a sequence. In genetics terminology, we call this transcription and translation. We say transcription because the gene is being converted from DNA to RNA. Once that’s done, it needs to be translated to form a protein. In other words, mutations finish their job prematurely, leaving the cells affected. This is why people can be mutated to eating certain proteins from products that have them as well as how things are digested like gluten. We will discuss these later on.
What happens when Norrie is present and the gene is mutated? To understand this concept, you must understand how proteins work. We all know that meats and eggs have proteins. in fact, anything that can walk, run, swim and fly has protein. Proteins is what DNA and RNA are composed of. DNA stands for desoxirribonucleicacid, and RNA, ribonucleic acid, is what people use to match characteristics, such as determining which person was responsible in a crime. All of these proteins have a three-dimensional shape, and can be demonstrated using molecular models and high-powered microscope slides. The shape of a DNA is like a spiraling latter with its backbones curving to form a double-helix. The rums of the latters contain four distinct articles, one set on every rum. This DNA can be found anywhere throughout the body, such as skin, hair, blood, and any kind of body fluid.
In Norrie Disease, the mutated gene called NDP, instructs a protein called norrin how to set its foundation. Norrin is responsible for the development of the structures that make up the eyes. As you know, norrin consists of several amino acids that give it its shape. When the NDP gene is mutated, however, this protein doesn’t form properly and becomes mis-folded, giving it an unusual shape. Think about a lopsided house or something of that nature. When this happens the protein is unable to function, and therefore the eyes are unable to develop properly.
Other things Norrie Disease can affect include hearing, balance, excretion problems, and mental development disorders. It is believed that norrin is responsible for supplying blood flow to the retinas, and tissues of the inner ear. This is why it is likekly that Norrie victims will experience hearing loss, because hair cells in the cochlea will eventually die out. There are immature cells forming in the back of the eye, which causes degeneration of important cells and blood vessels. Norrin abnormalities can also affect which parts of the brain are developed, such as neurosteroids and neurotransmitors. However, it should be taken into account that individuals with prelingual deafness are unable to communicate, and for this -reason many blame mental disorders when in fact that is not the case.
Severity of the disease is variant on how many amino acids have been mutated and their location. Few mutations ensures that the person will not be as affected than if a person had widespread complications. It has been documented that males with Norrie disease have behavioural problems, but at this time there are too many biological factors to determine the causes of such findings.
Futuristic Outlook and Testing: As of 2014, little research has been conducted to find better methods of testing the molecular structure and mutation of the genes, and although they are accurate, as far as we know no attempt was made to replace the mutated gene with a healthy one to see if the rewritten gene would correct the protein’s structure. If the protein structure were to be corrected, would the eye structures start developing again, or would we need to turn our attention to finding the right growth factors to get stem cells to grow? Studies have shown that prolonged exposure to how we interact with our environment based on how we socialise and how we identify with our culture gets written into our genetic coding, but there are some genes, such as the NDP that cannot be rewritten once it has been mutated. Current research shows that once a gene has been modified in an organism, that organism usually develops negative side effects, cancer being one of them. We still don’t yet know why this is. Research to sensory substitution and augmentation for people blind at birth still continues, despite the controversy found in the blind community. This may be relevant to how cochlear implants are being contradicted in the deaf culture. It is hoped that a creation of a new virus could reverse the gene’s mutation without leaving harmful side effects in the future.
For further information about Norrie, Go to:
Lastly, why do people not use anaesthetics like nitrous oxide when undergoing cosmetic enhancements, like piercings and tattooing? I don’t see any reason they should, so why shouldn’t they? It is hoped that regrowing tissue with stem cells and right growth factors can replace plastic surgery.